The European Commission published its „Statement of estimates for the financial year 2017”, following its adoption of the 2017 Draft Budget. The Commission’s statement presents a summary of the 2017 budget proposal. With regard to the EU’s Global Europe expenditure, the Commission envisages the following:
“The EU’s external action seeks to promote democracy, peace, solidarity, stability, poverty reduction, by investing in its neighbourhood, supporting countries preparing for EU membership and promoting its core interests worldwide. Expenditure increases by 2,9 % to EUR 9 432,0 million in commitment appropriations in 2017. The three largest policy-driven instruments, the Instrument for Pre-accession assistance (IPA), the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) and the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI), increase their share of external action funding to 74,4 % (EUR 7 013,3 million), largely because of the increase in IPA in relation to the establishment of the Facility for Refugees in Turkey (FRT).
Humanitarian aid accounts for 10,1% of heading 4 resources, with an allocation of EUR 945,4 million. Major unforeseen needs over and above the humanitarian aid allocation may also be covered by the ‘Emergency Aid Reserve’ (EAR).
The European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) remains of central importance in projecting European values. Its funding remains broadly stable at EUR 189,0 million.
The crisis response Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) and Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), respectively requiring EUR 273,3 million and EUR 333,9 million, fund politically highly important and visible operations and actions contributing to peace and stability at the EU’s borders and further. EUR 60 million from the IcSP have been made available to IPA for the FRT, which explains the decrease of the programme in 2017.
The share of the Partnership Instrument (EUR 133,7 million), specifically designed to project EU interests on the international scene, remains constant.
Most of the instruments in heading 4 will also contribute to tackling the migration and refugee crisis by directly assisting the countries and communities hosting refugees, as well as by addressing the root causes of migration in the wider regions of origin.
Part of this is the response to the Syrian crisis addressed by the London conference in February 201659. The EU pledged EUR 2,39 billion for 2016-2017 inter alia to provide food, shelter, education and retraining for the refugees and to encourage the host countries notably in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey to seek sustainable opportunities for peaceful coexistence with the refugees.”
„Foto: Tobias Koch“